On September 6, 1972, all nine of the Israeli athletes kidnapped from the Olympic Village in Munich were killed in a gun battle at a nearby airport.
A policeman also died in the shooting at the Furstenfeldbruck military airbase, along with four of the guerrillas from the Palestinian group Black September.
Witnesses at the airport said the shooting began when police snipers opened fire on the militants. A spokesman for the Olympic Games said the kidnappers blew up a helicopter with the hostages inside and then opened fire on the wreckage with automatic weapons. It was believed that the remaining four gunmen were captured by West German police.
The guerrillas previously threatened to kill all the hostages if 200 Palestinian prisoners held in Israel were not released.
News of the deaths was confirmed at 0310 BST, contradicting an earlier announcement by a Munich police officer that all the hostages had been released and four of the kidnappers captured.
The bloody end to the kidnapping followed a day of tense negotiations with the Palestinians.
They had occupied the Israelis’ quarters at 0600 BST, killing two athletes and taking nine hostages. The West German government had offered to pay any price for the release of the athletes, but was told by the guerrillas’ chief he cared for “neither money nor lives.”
German authorities agreed to demands by the Palestinians to supply them with an aeroplane and, at 2200 BST, provided three helicopters to take them to the airport.
The gun battle started almost immediately after the helicopters landed at the airport. Bavarian Minister of the Interior Bruno Merk confirmed Munich’s police chief had given the order to open fire. It was not clear whether the Olympic Games would continue, but the Israeli and Egyptian teams withdrew.