In 2018, double-digit inflation roiled the economy just as the foreign exchange (forex) market was under steady intervention of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) in order to keep the Naira within the N360 band to the US dollar.
Aside the money market, the capital market too was rocked by constant outflows as election uncertainties hit the market.
Apart from all these, there were some shocking events that the economic landscape had to deal with during the year.
Here are few of them:
New excise duty
In February, Kemi Adeosun, the erstwhile Finance minister hinted of proposed review of the excise duty for cigarettes and alcoholic beverages.
Appeals by the Manufacturer Association of Nigeria (MAN) and the Distillers and Blenders Association of Nigeria (DIBAN) that the new excise duty would encourage smuggling and put 25,000 Nigerians at risk of losing their jobs fell on deaf ears and the players had to resign to fate.
In October, Nigerian Breweries blamed the new excise duty for the dip in its profit.
CBN vs MTN
In August, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) announced that MTN Nigeria would have to refund $8.1 billion that was allegedly repatriated from the country using irregular certificates of capital importation.
It also fined Citibank, Diamond Bank, Stanbic IBTC Nigeria and Standard Chartered Bank a total of N5.87 billion for issuing the certificates to the company.
The matter has since been resolved and the telco would now pay $53 million instead.
Dreams of Nigeria becoming the proud owner of a national carrier was cut short barely three months after the proposal was announced in July.
The Infrastructural Concession Regulatory Commission (ICRC) had issued the public-private partnership certificate and all seemed to be going well with the project as meetings with proposed investors and stakeholders were made public.
In September, Hadi Sirika, the minister of state for aviation, announced that the national carrier project has been suspended indefinitely.
Three months after it was reported that former minister of finance Kemi Adeosun forged a certificate of exemption from the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC), she tendered her resignation.
Although the time between the initial report was published in July and her resignation in September was fraught with various commentaries, her resignation was termed as unusual in the Nigerian political landscape.
It was an unpleasant September weekend for customers and shareholders when the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and Nigeria Deposit Insurance Corporation (NDIC) announced that the licence of Skye Bank had been revoked.
Although Polaris Bank took over the assets and liabilities of the bank, customers and shareholders had to deal with the initial panic.
After the September drama in Nigeria’s economic landscape, December proved that it had its own bite.
It was reported that Access Bank had acquired Diamond Bank.
The merger, which is expected to be completed in the first quarter of 2019, will see Access Bank become the largest bank in the country.
Femi Otedola, Nigerian businessman and billionaire, is popular for owning the majority of Forte Oil.
He, however, announced that he would be selling his 75% stake in the company to maximise the opportunities in refining.