From Godwin Tsa, Abuja
The Abuja division of the Court of Appeal on Thursday reserved judgment in the two appeals filed by Zain Nigeria Ltd (now Airtel) and National Universities Commission (NUC) challenging the award of N703 million to a TV Xtra Production as damages for infringing on its copyright.
A three-member panel of Justices presided by Justice Stephen Adah reserved judgment in the appeals after the counsel to both parties adopted their briefs of arguments.
The appeals are challenging the judgment of the Abuja division of the Federal High Court delivered on May 6, 2020, wherein, Justice Inyang Ekwo awarded the sum of N700 million to TV Xtra in both special and general damages and N3 million cost of the suit, after it found that Zain and NUC aired a programme designed by TV Xtra without permission in 2009.
Arguing the appeals, counsel to NUC, Solomon Akuma (SAN)and that of Zain, Rotimi Oguneso (SAN), urged the appellant court to nullify the judgment of the high court on the ground that the lower court lacked the jurisdiction to have adjudicated on the matter as it was brought after three months of the cause of action and therefore, statute barred.
NUC contended that the high court under Justice Ekwo erred in law which occasioned a miscarriage of justice when it failed to give it opportunity to defend the case when it started de novo, adding that it was not given opportunity to cross examine two witnesses after the court adopted the evidence given in the previous trial court presided by Justice Gabriel Kolawole.
But counsel to TV Xtra, Okechukwu Uju-Azorji Esq urged the court to dismiss the appeals. He said the parties were given adequate time to defend the matter at the high court but failed to do so.
TV Xtra Production’s CEO and General Editor Arise News, Christian Ojorovwu Ogodo, who designed and registered the quiz programme, ‘University Challenge’ with the Nigerian Copyright Commission (NCC) and presented it to NUC for Nigerian schools. He told the court that he was surprised to see the programme being aired on televisions by NUC and Zain four weeks after he made the presentation to the NUC.
Zain Nigeria in its defence contended that TV Xtra is not the original owner of the programme, explaining that the idea was picked from a similar programme, the British Universities Challenge.
But Justice Ekwo ruled that the defendants misunderstood the case of plaintiff who is seeking remedy for his work, not in any other part of the world, but registered in Nigeria and which existed at the time it was aired in Nigeria. He added that airing the programme on AIT and NTA without the permission of the author violated sections 2(a) (1), 6 (1) (a) (1) and 8 of the Copyrights Act.
“The law is that a work in Nigeria is the exclusive right of the owner to control the reproduction of the work in any material form and making adaptations of the work going by Section 6(1) (a) (1) and 8 of the Copyright Act,” the judge said.
“I find that the case of the plaintiff succeeds on the merit. I make an order entering judgement on the terms of the claims,” he said.