France and Germany will agree to a U.S. plan for NATO to take a bigger role in the fight against Islamic militants at a meeting with President Donald Trump on Thursday, but insist the move is purely symbolic, four senior European diplomats said.
The decision to allow the NATO to join the coalition against Islamic State in Syria and Iraq follows weeks of pressure on the two allies, who are wary of NATO confronting Russia in Syria and of alienating Arab countries who see NATO as pushing a pro-Western agenda.
“NATO as an institution will join the coalition,” said one senior diplomat involved in the discussions.
“The question is whether this just a symbolic gesture to the United States. France and Germany believe it is.”
Flying to the NATO meeting in Brussels with Trump, U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said on Wednesday it would be an important step for the Organization to join the U.S.-led, 68-nation coalition.
“I think they’re going to support NATO joining and becoming a formal member,” he said, referring to “a couple of countries that are still thinking it over” but not giving details.
A senior French diplomat said Paris was ready to accept NATO joining, but that its role would be limited to training and intelligence, things allies were already involved in.
“We want to ensure that momentum (in the U.S.-led coalition) is not disturbed,” the diplomat said.
U.S. and other European officials want to show Trump, who called NATO “obsolete” because he said it was not doing enough against terrorism, that the alliance is responding.
While Islamic State is on the verge of defeat in its Iraqi stronghold of Mosul and bracing for an assault against its de facto capital in Raqqa, Syria, U.S. officials are concerned fleeing militants could leave a vacuum that could prompt Arab tribal fighters to turn on each other to gain control.
All 28 NATO allies are members of the coalition, but the alliance as a formal member could become more involved, contributing equipment, training and the expertise it gained leading nations against al Qaeda and the Taliban in Afghanistan.
NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg has also made the case for a non-combat role for the alliance in Syria and Iraq.
“NATO joining the coalition will also provide a better platform for coordinating the activities of NATO allies in the fight against terrorism,” Stoltenberg said.
“It sends a strong and clear message of unity in the fight against terrorism and especially in light of the terrorist attacks in Manchester,” he said.
A suicide bomber killed 22 people, including children, in an attack on a crowded concert hall in the English city on Monday.
Some allies including Britain were keen for NATO to do even more, for example using its AWACS surveillance planes over Syria and running command-and-control operations.
German and French opposition means that for the moment, only one plane will watch over Syria from NATO-ally Turkey’s airspace to provide air traffic information to improve safety for planes.
French government spokesman Christophe Castaner told reporters that President Emmanuel Macron would speak to Trump at their lunch in Brussels on Thursday and that he understood Trump’s call for a greater NATO role in Syria and Iraq.
“The president will say that he is attentive to this (Trump’s call), but to make clear that it is not about transforming NATO into the sole strike force against Islamic State,” Castaner said.