A few days ago, the presidency acknowledged that a former Governor of Anambra State, Mr. Peter Obi was illegally impeached for refusing to inflate the State Budget as demanded by the then State House of Assembly. That report was not elaborate; as the same presidency should have taken Nigerians behind the scenes to reveal those who pulled the strings for the conspiracy and what they desired to do with the expected excess public funds. Among other queries, was it a patriotic initiative to provide more projects that would benefit the people of the State? Or, did they want it as part of the old order, where powerful vested interests regard public funds as booty to be shared?
Interestingly, the revelation by the presidency — anchored by President Buhari’s Senior Special Assistant on Media and Publicity, Garba Shehu – is coming over a decade after the event. It is also instructive that some of those who recall how the entire madness played out have been speaking out.
Confirming the statement, Chief Stephen Okeke, a highly-respected community leader in Anambra State, drew attention to some national newspapers like Vanguard, which published the presumed reasons for Obi’s impeachment. According to him, “Aside from the demand to accommodate their interests, the State Legislators accused the then Governor of not implementing the Budget as approved by them: that he used N43.2 million to repair the burnt Government House against the N298 million already appropriated; and also spent a paltry N81 million for the reconstruction of the destroyed Governor’s Lodge for which N486 million was appropriated. Having failed to get him to play ball, they told him point-blank that the appropriated money was for ‘sensitive interests’”.
Continuing, Chief Okeke regretted the selfish involvement of some people close to Obi in the impeachment plot; and expressed gratitude to the then Chief Justice of Nigeria, Justice Alfa Belgore, for standing firm in his refusal to lend the imprimatur of the Judiciary to that reckless act.
On his part, a former Information Commissioner in Anambra State, Chief Joe-Martins Uzodike in a press release noted that the presidency and the People’s Democratic Party [PDP] were not part of the impeachment. He asserted that the plot was localized; having been hatched by some self-seeking State legislators and predatory politicians that had in the past been raiding the public treasury through inflated budgets, inflated contracts and largesse. For such people, he said, a savings culture was unacceptable.
Expressing satisfaction that Obi has been vindicated completely, Chief Uzodike submitted that: “If he had buckled when the House members were harassing him for saving money, he would not have been able to leave over 75 billion Naira for the State when he handed over in 2014. If he had agreed to award outrageous contracts, Anambra State in his tenure would not have been named the Best State in road network, in health and education”.
The fore-going provides some insights into the modus operandi of predators in Nigerian politics. With his famed focus and solid fidelity to the common good, Peter Obi took on the predators head-on and subdued them; leaving a governance record acknowledged locally and internationally.
Obi’s political history is turbulent simply because he is bent on leaving a new order of responsibility and accountability in the conduct of public affairs. Human society has a blend of the good, the bad and the ugly. While there are those who make sacrifices for enduring positive change, there are also antagonists who aim to frustrate progress. However, it is instructive that in the long-run such antagonisms often highlight the efforts of builders of nations.
Before his tenure, the manufacturing sector – not to be confused with commerce — was comatose. The few operators that hung on groaned under the debilitating effects of an uncongenial environment of bad roads, low patronage, excessive [and mostly illegal] taxation, insecurity, no government support, among others. The Obi administration resuscitated this critical sector not propaganda, but by practical steps — including development of an Industrial Policy for the State, consultations with operators and concrete enablement for them — which yielded tremendous results and boosted the socio-economy of the State and environs. Link roads, other relevant infrastructure and logistic support were provided for such vibrant manufacturing outfits as Innoson Vehicles, Chikason, Cutix Cable, Juhel Pharmaceuticals, Krisoral, Orange Drugs, Ekulo Group, and many others. The administration also attracted giant manufacturers like Intafact, INNOSON, Neimet, and Distel.
Easily one of the unsurpassed attainments of Peter Obi was in education. Here, he achieved another first on January 1, 2009, with his return of schools to their original owner-proprietors – Voluntary Agencies, including Churches – with commendable results. While the management of the schools was transferred to the agencies, the State Government retained the funding responsibilities, including capital projects, staff salaries and emoluments, and other recurrent expenditures. Having thus stabilized basic education in the State, Anambra State leaped from its usual 24th place of the 36 States in many external examinations to Number One in results of both the NECO and WAEC examinations for three consecutive years. Indeed, this revolutionary partnership and phenomenal achievements informed a World Bank study which recommended the ‘Obi Education Model’ to other Governments in Africa.
Under the Obi tenure, Anambra State was the first in Nigeria to procure and distribute over 30,000 computers with Internet access to secondary schools. Microsoft Academies were also established in those secondary schools – the biggest of such initiatives in Africa to date.
Having determined that the partnership with the voluntary agencies/Churches was working, Peter Obi steadily extended the formula to other critical sectors. In the health sector, for instance, the symbiotic relationship resulted in a tremendous boost to health care delivery across the State with investments of grants, structures and supplies to the tune of several billions of Naira.
The Obi administration also constructed the Joseph Nwilo Heart Centre at St. Joseph’s Hospital, Adazi-Nnukwu, where heart operations are now being performed satisfactorily. The grooming of health-care professionals similarly received serious attention. By the end of his tenure in 2014, over 12 health institutions, including two hospitals, had secured accreditation for their courses and programmes. Prior to his assumption of office in 2006, no health institution in Anambra State was duly accredited.
Okoye writes from Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka.