The Sultan of Brunei has handed back an honorary degree after Oxford University raised concerns about his country’s strict new anti-LGBT laws.
Introduced in April, they initially made sex between men and adultery punishable by stoning to death.
But Brunei backtracked on enforcing the laws after a global outcry, boycotts and celebrity protests.
The university said it opened a review “in the light of concerns about the new penal code”.
In a statement, a spokeswoman said it was informed the Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah would be returning his degree after it wrote to him last month.
More than 118,500 people have signed a petition calling on the university to rescind the honorary law degree, which was awarded in 1993.
Oxford MP Layla Moran also wrote to the university urging it to strip him of the degree, and said it being returned was “clearly not sufficient”.
She said: “Oxford University now has a chance to redeem itself and move past being tied to such gross violations of human rights.
“I think it is best the university should undertake a thorough review of their honorary degree system to ensure a scandal like this doesn’t happen again.”
Previously the university said: “Just as nobody has a right to confer an honorary degree, nobody has a right summarily to rescind it.”
The Sultan has defended the decision to adopt a strict new interpretation of Islamic laws, or Sharia.
In a speech he said although there would be a moratorium on the death penalty, the “merit” of the new laws would eventually become clear.
Homosexuality was already illegal in Brunei and punishable by up to 10 years in prison.