Washington responded with calm determination as former police officer Derek Chauvin was found guilty on all charges of murdering George Floyd, ending a trial that has put the country on edge as it confronts the realities of racial injustice and police violence.
As jurors delivered their verdict following three weeks of emotionally charged testimony in Minneapolis, that city was just one of many nationwide on a high state of alert.
Chauvin, who was fired soon after Floyd’s death, was found guilty of second-degree murder as well as third-degree murder and second-degree manslaughter.
The risk of violent protest gave way to sighs of relief from activists as the guilty verdict was read.
But the rage over police violence and inequities in the criminal justice system did not subside with the conclusion of the trial.
It was quickly channeled toward the hearing rooms of the Capitol, as well as the federal agencies that oversee law enforcement.
Politicians joined protesters in vowing that Floyd’s memory would be honored with meaningful police reforms.
“Nothing is going to make it all better,” President Joe Biden said over the phone to the Floyd family immediately after the verdict was delivered.
“But at least now there’s some justice.
“We’re going to get a lot more done. We’re going to do a lot,” Biden added.
When Floyd family attorney Benjamin Crump suggested the verdict could build momentum for passing reform legislation named in honor of Floyd, Biden responded: “You got it pal. That and a lot more.”
Vice President Kamala Harris then got on the line to vow, “We’re going to make something good come out of this tragedy.”
Los Angeles Democratic Representative Karen Bass, who is helping lead the push for policing reform legislation, said at a news conference with the Congressional Black Caucus that the verdict allowed a moment to “exhale” but also “just marks a new phase of a long struggle to bring justice in America.”
Bass expressed the hope that the verdict would motivate Senate Republicans to support reform legislation.
She, therefore, called for a bill on Biden’s desk by the anniversary of Floyd’s death.
“Step one is the verdict, step two is the sentencing,” Bass said, adding: “Now we have to focus on transforming policing in the United States.”
During the jury deliberations, 250 National Guard members stood ready in Washington to assist local police with crowd control.
The mission was separate from another that had already left the city’s highest profile neighborhood under the patrol of uniformed guard members.
Some 2,300 from D.C. and many states were already activated in the area to protect the Capitol, a deployment that followed January’s insurrection by supporters of former President Trump.
Democratic lawmakers had been among those on the front lines demanding justice for Floyd.
Representative Maxine Waters of Los Angeles had joined protests in Minnesota over the weekend and urged demonstrators to stay on the street in the event of an acquittal, to get more active and “confrontational.”
The comments were met with anger by the judge in the trial, Peter Cahill, who warned they may give Chauvin grounds to appeal; GOP House leadership called for her to be reprimanded.
A GOP effort in the House to censure Waters for the remarks was quashed by Democrats just before the Chauvin verdict was delivered.
The House voted 216-210 against moving forward with the measure, which was championed by another Californian, Kevin McCarthy, the Republican leader.
On Tuesday afternoon, Democratic lawmakers were more focused on redoubling their efforts to pass police reform.
“Unless we can change the law this will be an episode,” House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, said of the Chauvin verdict.
Pelosi, who told reporters she spoke to Floyd’s family just before the verdict was delivered, added: “We change the law, we’re going down a different path altogether.”
The fundamental changes to policing that Congress promised after Floyd’s death sparked mass protests through the country sputtered in the following months.
The Chauvin trial renewed attention on the proposals.
One of them, the George Floyd Justice in Policing Act, championed by Bass, passed the House last month by a 220-212 vote.
No Republican supported it, and two Democrats voted no.
The legislation, which would ban chokeholds, end “qualified immunity” for law enforcement officers and create national standards for police training, has dim prospects in the Senate.
South Carolina Senator Tim Scott, who is taking a lead in police reform negotiations for Republicans, has called the measure a non-starter.
It is unclear if it would even have full support of all the Senate Democrats.
Scott applauded the verdict Tuesday afternoon, but he was less resolute about the need for sweeping change in the criminal justice system.
“While this outcome should give us renewed confidence in the integrity of our criminal justice system, we know there is more work to be done to ensure the bad apples do not define all officers,” Scott said in a statement.
But he added: “To deny the progress we’ve made is just as damaging as not making progress at all.”